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- Shorebird's beak inspires research on water collection
- Wed, 17 Sep 2014 17:33:52 EDT - An engineering professor and his doctoral student have designed a device based on a shorebird's beak that can accumulate water collected from fog and dew. The device could provide water in drought-stricken areas of the world or deserts around the globe.
- Identifying teen alcohol and drug abuse
- Wed, 17 Sep 2014 17:30:43 EDT - The number of teens who abuse tobacco, alcohol, drugs and other substances hasn’t changed much in the past couple of decades – but for those who are prone to addiction for one reason or another, the menu of substances to choose from is larger than ever.
- Reduce traffic congestion: Wirelessly route drivers around congested roadways
- Wed, 17 Sep 2014 15:54:10 EDT - At the Intelligent Transportation Systems World Congress last week, MIT researchers received one of the best-paper awards for a new system, dubbed RoadRunner, that uses GPS-style turn-by-turn directions to route drivers around congested roadways. In simulations using data supplied by Singapore's Land Transit Authority, the researchers compared their system to one currently in use in Singapore, which charges drivers with dashboard-mounted transponders a toll for entering congested areas.
- Dogs respond to goal-directed behavior at similar level to infants
- Wed, 17 Sep 2014 15:46:31 EDT - Dogs look at a person interacting with a new object longer than a person interacting with a familiar object moved to a different location, suggesting perception of goal-directed behavior, according to a new study.
- Power isn't enough: Study reveals missing link for effective leadership
- Wed, 17 Sep 2014 15:19:41 EDT - Leaders who fail to take into account their audiences' perspective have a far greater propensity to bungle the issue and conversation, research shows. The researchers found that when power was combined with perspective-taking when making a complex decision, participants were able to discover the optimal solution to a nuanced problem.
- Fighting parents hurt children's ability to recognize and regulate emotions
- Wed, 17 Sep 2014 15:19:37 EDT - Exposure to verbal and physical aggression between parents may hurt a child's ability to identify and control emotions, according to a longitudinal study. Exposure to conflict and violence in the home can shape children's neurobiological, cognitive, and behavioral responses.
- Asian Americans lower insulin resistance on traditional diet
- Wed, 17 Sep 2014 15:19:35 EDT - Asian Americans have been shown to lower insulin resistance on a traditional diet, researchers report. One part of this puzzle may lie in the transition from traditional high-fiber, low-fat Asian diets to current westernized diets, which may pose extra risks for those of Asian heritage, says the senior author of the study.
- Nature's designs inspire research into new light-based technologies
- Wed, 17 Sep 2014 15:19:33 EDT - Solutions required for progress on the frontiers of photonics technology are close at hand: in nature, when viewed through the perspective of engineer, says an optics researcher.
- Babies learn words differently as they age, researcher finds
- Wed, 17 Sep 2014 14:14:31 EDT - Researcher has found that toddlers learn words differently as they age, and a limit exists as to how many words they can learn each day. These findings could help parents enhance their children's vocabularies and assist speech-language professionals in developing and refining interventions to help children with language delays.
- Nemo can travel great distances to connect populations: Baby clownfish travel hundreds of kilometers across open ocean
- Wed, 17 Sep 2014 14:14:25 EDT - Clownfish spend their entire lives nestling in the protective tentacles of host anemones, but new research shows that as babies they sometimes travel hundreds of kilometres across the open ocean. Although the process of long-distance dispersal by reef fish has been predicted, this is the first time that the high level exchange of offspring between distant populations has been observed.
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